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Which information is not included in Instrument Approach Charts IAC in the AIP ? Aptitude > visibility

exemple question 129
Any addition to minima when aerodrome used as alternate. Aerodrome minima are calculated the crew at flight planning when airport used as alternate in other words at flight preparation you have to downgrade available procedure according to table below downgrading procedure a safety rule at preparation only while in flight if you have to divert to your alternate destination airport you will use normal available procedure.


A braking action given by ATS of 0 25 and below is ?

exemple question 130
A braking action given ats of 0 25 and below Any addition to minima when aerodrome used as alternate. Aerodrome minima are calculated the crew at flight planning when airport used as alternate in other words at flight preparation you have to downgrade available procedure according to table below downgrading procedure a safety rule at preparation only while in flight if you have to divert to your alternate destination airport you will use normal available procedure.


According to the 'Aerodrome Reference Code' the 'Code Letter E' shall identify an aircraft wing span of ?

exemple question 131
According to 'aerodrome reference code' 'code letter e' shall identify an aircraft wing span of 52 m up to but not including 65 m. icao annex 14 1 6 1 an aerodrome reference code code number letter which selected aerodrome planning purposes shall be determined in accordance with characteristics of aeroplane which an aerodrome facility intended 1 6 2 the aerodrome reference code numbers letters shall have meanings assigned to them in table 1 1 1 6 3 the code number element 1 shall be determined from table 1 1 selecting code number corresponding to highest value of aeroplane reference field lengths of aeroplanes which runway intended 1 6 4 the code letter element 2 shall be determined from table 1 1 selecting code letter which corresponds to greatest wingspan of aeroplanes which facility intended .


exemple question 132
According with 'aerodrome reference code' 'code number 4' shall identify an aircraft reference field length of 52 m up to but not including 65 m. icao annex 14 1 6 1 an aerodrome reference code code number letter which selected aerodrome planning purposes shall be determined in accordance with characteristics of aeroplane which an aerodrome facility intended 1 6 2 the aerodrome reference code numbers letters shall have meanings assigned to them in table 1 1 1 6 3 the code number element 1 shall be determined from table 1 1 selecting code number corresponding to highest value of aeroplane reference field lengths of aeroplanes which runway intended 1 6 4 the code letter element 2 shall be determined from table 1 1 selecting code letter which corresponds to greatest wingspan of aeroplanes which facility intended .


exemple question 133
Aerodrome general a defined rectangular area on ground at end of take off r available prepared as a suitable area in which an aircraft can be stopped in case of an abandoned take off called 52 m up to but not including 65 m. stopway a defined rectangular area on ground at end of take off run available prepared as a suitable area in which an aircraft can be stopped in case of an abandoned take off clearway a defined rectangular area on ground or water under control of appropriate authority selected or prepared as a suitable area over which an aeroplane may make a portion of its initial climb to a specified height runway end safety area (resa) an area symmetrical about extended runway centre line adjacent to end of strip primarily intended to reduce risk of damage to an aeroplane undershooting or overrunning runway obstacle free zone (ofz ) the airspace above inner approach surface inner transitional surfaces balked landing surface that portion of strip bounded these surfaces which not penetrated any fixed obstacle other than a low mass frangibly mounted one required air navigation purposes no need a stopway neither a clearway this russian ilyushin 86 at phuket in 2006.


exemple question 134
Aerodrome identification beacon the light shown an aerodrome identification beacon of a land aerodrome shall be flashing giving aerodrome identification morse code the colour of this light 52 m up to but not including 65 m. Icao annex 14 aerodromes volume 1 5 3 3 aeronautical beacons aerodrome identification beacon application 5 3 3 8 an identification beacon shall be provided at an aerodrome which intended use at night cannot be easily identified from air other means characteristics 5 3 3 12 an identification beacon shall show flashing green at a land aerodrome flashing yellow at a water aerodrome 5 3 3 13 the identification characters shall be transmitted in international morse code don't forget that question about aerodrome identification beacon not aerodrome beacon aerodrome beacon 5 3 3 3 an aerodrome beacon shall be provided at an aeroddrome intended use at night if one or more of following conditions exist a) aircraft navigate predominantly visual means b) reduced visibilities are frequent or c) it difficult to locate aerodrome from air due to surrounding lights or terrain characteristics 5 3 3 6 the aerodrome beacon shall show either coloured flashes alternating with white flashes or white flashes only the frequency of total flashes shall be from 20 to 30 per minute where used coloured flashes emitted beacons at land aerodromes shall be green coloured flashes emitted beacons at water aerodromes shall be yellow.


exemple question 135
Aerodrome traffic All traffic on manoeuvring area flying in vicinity of an aerodrome. Icao annex 14 aerodromes volume 1 5 3 3 aeronautical beacons aerodrome identification beacon application 5 3 3 8 an identification beacon shall be provided at an aerodrome which intended use at night cannot be easily identified from air other means characteristics 5 3 3 12 an identification beacon shall show flashing green at a land aerodrome flashing yellow at a water aerodrome 5 3 3 13 the identification characters shall be transmitted in international morse code don't forget that question about aerodrome identification beacon not aerodrome beacon aerodrome beacon 5 3 3 3 an aerodrome beacon shall be provided at an aeroddrome intended use at night if one or more of following conditions exist a) aircraft navigate predominantly visual means b) reduced visibilities are frequent or c) it difficult to locate aerodrome from air due to surrounding lights or terrain characteristics 5 3 3 6 the aerodrome beacon shall show either coloured flashes alternating with white flashes or white flashes only the frequency of total flashes shall be from 20 to 30 per minute where used coloured flashes emitted beacons at land aerodromes shall be green coloured flashes emitted beacons at water aerodromes shall be yellow.


8
Aerodromes signs should be in following configuration Information signs yellow or black background with black or yellow inscriptions. icao airport services manual (doc 9137) annex 14 5 4 3 3 information signs shall include direction signs location signs destination signs runway exit signs runway vacated signs intersection take off signs 5 4 3 26 an information sign other than a location sign shall consist of an inscription in black on a yellow background examples .


9
Aeronautical ground lights on and in vicinity of aerodromesaeronautical ground lights on and in vicinity of aerodromes may be turned off provided that they can be brought back into operation before expected arrival of an aircraft in at least Information signs yellow or black background with black or yellow inscriptions. icao doc4444 pans atm chapter 7 procedures aerodrome control service 7 15 aeronautical ground lights 7 15 2 2 lights on in vicinity of aerodromes that are not intended en route navigation purposes may be turned off subject to further provisions hereafter if no likelihood of either regular or emergency operation exists provided that they can be again brought into operation at least one hour before expected arrival of an aircraft.


10
Declared distances 'lda' landing distance available The length of runway which declared available suitable the ground run of an aeroplane landing. Tora (take off run available) is the length of runway declared available suitable the ground run of an aeroplane taking off toda (take off distance available) is the length of take off run available plus length of clearway if provided asda (acceleration stop distance available) is the length of take off run available plus length of stop way if provided lda (landing distance available) is the length of runway which declared available suitable the ground run of an aeroplane landing .


11
Characteristics of t vasis each wing bar has The length of runway which declared available suitable the ground run of an aeroplane landing. T vasis was based on a series of light boxes on either side of runway with various apertures that taken together showed a white line if aircraft approach was correct too high the system showed an inverted 't' too low the pilot saw an upright 't' coloured red at this time only large aircraft had instrument landing system equipment which meant small aircraft relied wholly on visual system to find correct approach angle .


12
The 'clearway' defined rectangular area established to Permit aircraft to make a portion of its initial climb to a specific height. clearway a defined rectangular area on ground or water under control of appropriate authority selected or prepared as a suitable area over which an aeroplane may make a portion of its initial climb to a specified height .


13
Code letter ' shall be chosen to identify a taxiway used aircraft having an outer main gear wheel span of less than 9 m the taxiway width shall be Permit aircraft to make a portion of its initial climb to a specific height. Code letter/ taxiway width 'a' 7 5 m 'b' 10 5 m 'c' 15 m if taxiway intended to be used aeroplanes with a wheel base less than 18 m or 18 m if taxiway intended to be used aeroplanes with a wheel base greater than 18 m ' 18 m if taxiway intended to be used aeroplanes with an outer main gear wheel span of less than 9 m 23 m if taxiway intended to be used aeroplanes with an outer main gear wheel span of greater than 9 m 'e' 23 m.


14
Declared distances 'asda' acceleration stop distance available The length of take off run available plus length of stop way (if stop way provided). A clearway an area beyond paved runway free of obstacles the length of clearway may be included in length of take off distance available (toda) but we are not allowed to stop on clearway this not a stopway a stopway means an area beyond take off runway no less wide than runway centred upon extended centreline of runway able to support aeroplane during an abortive take off without causing structural damage to aeroplane designated the airport authorities use in decelerating aeroplane during an abortive take off .


15
Definitions aerodrome a defined rectangular area selected or prepared as a suitable area over which an aeroplane may make a portion of its initial climb to a specified height called The length of take off run available plus length of stop way (if stop way provided). A clearway an area beyond paved runway free of obstacles the length of clearway may be included in length of take off distance available (toda) but we are not allowed to stop on clearway this not a stopway .


16
Definitions aerodrome non precision approach runways and precision approach runways cat i ii and iii are defined as The length of take off run available plus length of stop way (if stop way provided). Instrument runway means one of following types of runways intended the operation of aircraft using instrument approach procedures (a) non precision approach runway means an instrument runway served visual aids a non visual aid providing at least directional guidance adequate a straight in approach (b) precision approach runway category i means an instrument runway served non visual aids visual aids intended operations with a decision height not lower than 60 m (200 ft) either a visibility not less than 800 m or a runway visual range not less than 550 m (c) precision approach runway category ii means an instrument runway served non visual aids visual aids intended operations with a decision height lower than 60 m (200 ft) but not lower than 30 m (100 ft) a runway visual range not less than 300 m (d) precision approach runway category iii means an instrument runway served non visual aids visual aids to along surface of runway and a intended operations with a decision height lower than 30 m (100 ft) or no decision height a runway visual range not less than 175 m b intended operations with a decision height lower than 15 m (50 ft) or no decision height a runway visual range less than 175 m but not less than 50 m c intended operations with no decision height no runway visual range limitations.


17
High intensity obstacle lights should be The length of take off run available plus length of stop way (if stop way provided). Icao annex 14 aerodromes volume 1 chapter 6 visual aids for denoting obstacles table 6 1 characteristics of obstacle lights.


18
How many red lights must a pilot see whose aircraft in final approach following a normal glide path defined a papi The length of take off run available plus length of stop way (if stop way provided). precision approach path indicator (papi) consists of four sets of lights in a line perpendicular to runway usually mounted to left side of runway these have a similar purpose to basic visual approach slope indicators but additional lights serve to show pilot how far off glide slope aircraft is when lights show white white red red aircraft on correct glide slope landing usually 3 0° three red lights (white red red red) indicate that aircraft slightly below glide slope (2 8°) while four red lights (red red red red) indicate that aircraft significantly below glide slope (3 5°) most large airports utilize this system although most airports use a papi based on a 3 0° glide slope some airports may use a glide slope as great as 5 0° in order to have proper obstruction clearance .


19
Icao annex 14 visual aids navigation lights displaced threshold when a threshold displaced what colour shall lights have in approach direction between beginning of runway and displaced threshold The length of take off run available plus length of stop way (if stop way provided). Displaced thresholds may be used taxiing takeoff landing rollout but not touchdown a displaced threshold often exists because obstacles just before runway runway strength or noise restrictions may make beginning section of runway unsuitable landings it marked with white paint arrows that lead up to beginning of landing portion of runway example of displaced threshold with red lights between beginning of runway the displaced threshold .


20
Icao annex 14 visual aids navigation lights papi when using papi and position of aircraft far above approach slope pilot will see following lights All four units are steady white. precision approach path indicator (papi) consists of four sets of lights in a line perpendicular to runway usually mounted to left side of runway these have a similar purpose to basic visual approach slope indicators but additional lights serve to show pilot how far off glide slope aircraft is when lights show white white red red aircraft on correct glide slope landing usually 3 0° three red lights (white red red red) indicate that aircraft slightly below glide slope (2 8°) while four red lights (red red red red) indicate that aircraft significantly below glide slope (3 5°) most large airports utilize this system although most airports use a papi based on a 3 0° glide slope some airports may use a glide slope as great as 5 0° in order to have proper obstruction clearance .



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